Information Technologies, Management and Society. 2015, Volume 8, No.1

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Title and Editorial Board
Authors Index

Social Entrepreneurship: issues and trends
Jevgenija Dehtjare, Viktoriia Riashchenko

ISMA University, 1 Lomonosova Str., Bld.6, LV-1019, Riga, Latvia

An aim of this abstract is to investigate phenomenon of social entrepreneurship. It takes into consideration its establishment factors, history of development, types of entrepreneurial activity that might be classified as social entrepreneurship; points most successful young entrepreneurs during recent years, gives examples of NGO foundations and awards established to underline success in this area of business. Second part of the abstract analyse issues and trends of social entrepreneurship activity in Latvia, based on the Latvian inhabitants survey and their attitude to this field of societal and business activity.

Open education: continuity of approaches and risks
Tatyana Shamshina1, Catherine Koryuhina2

1Transport and Telecommunication Institute, 1 Lomonosova Str., LV-1019, Riga, Latvia
2ISMA University, 1 Lomonosova Str., Bld.6, LV-1019, Riga, Latvia

The paper discusses new opportunities of the modern open education for the development of the creative and competitive person, as well as challenges, problems and threats for an individual in relation to increase of a role of information, knowledge, informational and communicative technologies in the life of the modern society.
To overcome the existing barriers in the educational sphere, in the authors' opinion, is possible through continuity of approaches to education, quality and effectiveness at development of educational competences (common cultural, preprofessional, professional and methodological).

Social Franchising of private clinics in Kazakhstan
Zhanna Кulmagambetova1, Marga Zhivitere2

1«PSI Central Asia», Kazakhstan
2ISMA University, 1 Lomonosova Str., Bld.6, LV-1019, Riga, Latvia

The weaknesses of the healthcare system in Kazakhstan have been observed; the range of sources from government publications to original research has been used; the social franchising of private clinics model as a solution of the health sector problems has been proposed; the research for internal use to identify the willingness of private sector to be involved has been conducted; the data collected has been processed and the recommendations have been provided.

The problems of development of the Ukrainian tourist market and ways of their solutions
Viktoriia Riashchenko, Marga Zhivitere, Liubov Kutyrieva

ISMA University, 1 Lomonosova Str., Bld.6, LV-1019, Riga, Latvia

Nowadays tourism rightfully can be called the most promising business in the world in general, and in Ukraine. Tourism is important social and political phenomenon. The tourism industry can safely be called one of the most important components of the global economy. In Ukraine, the hotel business is one of the most promising and successful businesses. Also, the Ukrainian hotel business is very lucrative sector for investment. Tourism is the most important part of the global economy, nowadays. Hospitality Industry headed by its hoteliers seeks to improve living conditions and services. For every person who travels to another city or country, it is important to feel the comforts as at home. This is the goal of hoteliers. Ukrainian tourism industry is no exception and also developing rapidly from year to year. This article were analyzed the situation at the Ukrainian market of hotel services, its macro- and microenvironment. The article reflects the pressing problems of development tourism industry in Ukraine. In the present article displayed overall Ukrainian tourist market and analyzes the main problems.

Possibilities for creation of an entrepreneurial university in Kazakhstan
Zhanna Tutkusheva1, Sultanbek Tultabaev1, Marga Zhivitere2

1KEUK (Karaganda Economic University of Kazpotrebsoyuz), Kazakhstan
2ISMA University, 1 Lomonosova Str., Bld.6, LV-1019, Riga, Latvia

The article describes the features of the new model of university - entrepreneurial university, as well as reflects the characteristics of the Karaganda Economic University, which is currently on a way of creating an entrepreneurial university.

Use of system dynamics and simulation in modeling and analysis of vaccine supply chain management
Arman Kussainov

Kazakh-British Tehnical University, Kazakhstan

Over the last century or more, immunization programs have contributed massively to public health advancement, significantly increased longevity and reduced child mortality rates, and to economic growth, development and prosperity across the board for most of the world. Consider, for instance, the success the global healthcare agencies and nations have had in eradicating small-pox, the “scourge of mankind” which had killed an estimated 300 million people in the 20th century alone, and in almost eradicating poliomyelitis (with only a few hundred cases reported in the last year in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria).

A technique of research of expectations of consumers of services of small and medium business in RK
Sultanbek Tultabaev1, Marga Zhivitere2, Sagadat Sabitova1

1Almaty, Kazakhstan
2ISMA University, 1 Lomonosova Str., Bld.6, LV-1019, Riga, Latvia

In article development of a technique of carrying out high-quality researches of expectations of consumers of Small and Medium Enterprises in service sectors and formation of convincing proofs for heads of SME that it is possible to increase competitiveness of business due to the best understanding of expectations of consumers and giving of a powerful impulse to heads of SME at the level of all Kazakhstan for change of their relation to improvement of quality of services is considered.

Mechanism of organizations adaptive behavior to external medium
Sultanbek Tultabaev

KEUK (Karaganda Economic University of Kazpotrebsoyuz), Kazakhstan

In recent years became actual new approaches to management, such as “Studying organizations” and “Intellectual organizations”. In these directions, in the literature specified what characteristics the self-training or intellectual organizations have to possess, but at that, there is no integral theory rest on which might have create alike organizations. There is presented mechanism of adaptive behavior of organization to external medium in the article including two feedback circuits. Many present-day organizations adapts to external medium due to feedback circuits. Midpoint in mechanism of adaptive behavior of organizations to external medium is the second (negative) feedback. There is approved how it is possible to frame negative feedback in the organization. Organizations behavior in large measure depend upon managers activity, that is why, as the main object of external medium exposure were selected managers. To create mechanism of the second feedback, in organization should be identified highlights of each manager activity. Hereafter, it is necessary to present highlights in terms of two limited marks. According to mechanism of the second feedback, the task of managers will consist not only in achievement of objectives of organization but therein to highlights won’t grow out of limited marks. If highlights are beyond the scope then act the system “Programmed decisions”, so manager pass into acting status and status preserves till manager has not return highlights in limit marks frames. Manager may undertake any administrative actions to return highlights in limit marks frames, proceed by trial and error. There are presented recommendations of choice and fixation of highlights in the article. Also, there are presented, how many shall be such indicators how to establish limiting marks for highlights, how is involve rotation of managers etc. Basic result of introduction of this mechanism is consist in what after the each cycle of deviation and return of highlights, there is developed second type of behavior by way of acquisition in organization. The more environmental factors have an effect on highlights, the more often go deviation and return cycles of highlights and the organization getting better.

State regulation of tariffs for services of the main rail network in Kazakhstan
Natalya Baigazina

JSC “National Company Kazakhstan Temir Zholy”, Astana, Kazakhstan

Price regulation - an integral part of the mechanism of state regulation of the economy as a whole. The problem of state regulation of the activity of transport parties, which are legally defined as natural monopolies, is extremely urgent. As well as around the world, in our country there is the search for effective regulatory principles and processes of formation and regulation of tariffs are inextricably and intimately linked. The effectiveness of state regulation is determined by the quality of its organization and the quality of decisions.

Motivation of employees’ labor activity in companies in Kazakhstan
Talgat Uteubayev1, Nurlan Kurmanov2

1L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
2ISMA University, 1 Lomonosova Str., Bld.6, LV-1019, Riga, Latvia

The in-company mechanism of labor motivation is formed under the influence of a whole range of socio-economic factors, many of which represent rather independent subsystems of this mechanism. All these factors concern either to a number of economic ones, or social ones, but all of them, anyhow are included into the employees’ system of interests. Without availability of such a system it is impossible to create the in-company mechanism of labor motivation. In the oil and gas companies this mechanism is not taken into consideration while developing labor motivation in the framework of the Company Strategy.

Potential and prospects of development of agro-, ecotourism, its role in the revival and sustainable development of rural areas of Belarus
Tatyana Fedartsova

BSPU, Belarus

The current state, condition and prospects of the development of rural tourism; reasons hindering the development of agro-, ecotourism, rural tourism in the Republic of Belarus; the role of rural tourism as a means of economic and social revival of rural areas are considered.

Genesis of the Theory of Intellectual Capital and Its Importance in Modern Economy
Valentina Dyakona

ISMA University, Riga, Latvia

Economic progress and scientific and technological revolution have led to the steady increase of the role of the intellectual component of both economic and social development in the recent decades. Innovative ideas, non-standard management solutions and inventions in all fields significantly affect not only the competitiveness of companies, but also social and economic progress and the life of humanity as a whole.