The NATO meetings on modern scientific problems are organized and supported under the NATO Programme: Science for Peace and Security (SPS) that identifies the current trends in the latest developments of the Key Priority research areas. Such meetings provide an opportunity to follow the emergence of new advanced ideas and amazing results both in theory and experiment, which can affect important aspects of scientific and technological progress.
Definitely, such scientific meetings can fulfil their tasks provided that the leading experts in a wide range of modern scientific problems take part in them. According to the NATO Programme provision, the meetings are co-organized by scientists from NATO countries and scientists from NATO’s ‘Partner’ or ‘Mediterranean Dialogue’ countries. The responsibility for holding the meeting is entrusted to two institutions-organizers, respectively. The NATO Grant for the workshop can be awarded based on the results of the competition taken by many leading institutions and establishments.
This year the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) ‘Nanomaterials and Nanodevices for Ecological Security’ was held in Yurmala, Riga, Latvia from June 20 to 24. The workshop was organized by Information Systems Management Institute (Riga, Latvia) and K.D. Ushinskiy South-Ukrainian Pedagogical University (Odessa, Ukraine). Both NATO ARW Directors – Professor Yuri N. Shunin, Riga, and Professor Arnold E. Kiv, Odessa – are renowned experts in the corresponding areas of research.
Novel nanodevices, representing a new generation of electronic devices, significantly extend the possibilities of early diagnosis of chemical and biological harmful components of the environment. They provide the basis of sensor systems for indicating extremely weak signals of the physical, chemical and biological origin. These devices are developed with the help of ingenious scientific approaches and require the use of advanced novel nanomaterials. Following the objectives of the Workshop, the program consisted of two sections: Nanodevices and Nanomaterials.
The seminar was attended by scientists from 18 countries, including the United States, European countries, Japan and India.
Nanotechnology is currently determining the direction in the development of all the world's leading companies engaged in electronic industry. Many of them were presented at the Workshop.
Prof. G. Hunter (USA) in his lecture highlighted the recent NASA advances in the application of nanotechnology. He demonstrated the new opportunities associated with the use of various types of novel nanostructures.
A number of lectures were devoted to the study of common nanostructures, the so-called nanotubes (R. Evarestov, Yu. Shunin, Yu. Zhukovskiy). The creation of many novel nanodevices depends on the quality of interface between nanotubes (carbon, oxide, etc.) and metals. The progress in this area is largely determined by the development of the scientific theory, and Latvian scientists contribute to it to a large extent.
New information about the creation of nanoporous materials presented prof. M.R. Baklanov from Interuniversity Micro Electronics Center – IMEC - (Brussels, Belgium). Such materials can be considered the determining factor in the process of transition from micro- to nano-electronics.
One of the promising areas of nanoelectronics is the so-called tracks electronics. Specifications of this innovative direction were reflected in the lecture given by prof. D.Fink (Berlin), one of the founders of this approach.
The problem of safety monitoring of nanoparticles resulting from the radiation field generated by nuclear fission at nuclear power plants was highlighted in the lecture of prof. A. Gokhman (Odessa). He also touched upon the issues of real threats at Fukushima.
Forty leading experts participated in the work of the Workshop and 25 lectures were presented. Two panel discussions were held giving birth to new creative solutions and ideas.
The materials of the Workshop will be published in the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW), by Springer (NATO Series).
Although the range of problems under discussion was quite extensive, all the participants focused their attention primarily on effective solutions to modern ecological and environmental disasters, terrorist strikes, and technogenic catastrophes.
Riga, 25 June, 2011